From the Ecclesiastes 1:9,10 department of history:
“But when John of Salisbury wrote [mid-1100’s], the university movement was already far advanced. Paris and Bologna were thronged with crowds of students from every part of Christendom, and the Bohemian life of the needy and turbulent scholars had already become a favourite subject for poets and satirists. This new class was no longer contented with the patient scholarship and strict discipline of the old cathedral schools as represented by Chartres. It was an intellectual proletariat of needy and ambitious students, contemptuous of the past, impatient of restraint, following the fashionable teacher and doctrine of the moment” (Christopher Dawson, Religion and the Rise of Western Culture, p.185).